【Supraventricular Tachycardia 室上性心动过速】译文

作者:邵杰[1] 
单位:美中宜和医疗集团[1]

Supraventricular adj.室上性的

Tachycardia n.心动过速

Atrioventricular adj.房室的

 

  Atrial fibrillation is the most common pathologic supraventricular tachycardia. Atrial flutter is the second most common. Sudden onset and termination are characteristic of acute atrial fibrillation and atrial flutter, atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia, atrioventricular reciprocating tachycardia, and atrial tachycardia. Gradual onset and recession occur with sinus tachycardia, chronic atrial fibrillation and atrial flutter, multifocal atrial tachycardia, and atrial premature contractions.

 

【译文】

 

  心房纤颤是最常见的病理性室上性心动过速,心房扑动为第二常见的。突然发作和突然终止是急性心房纤颤和心房扑动、房室结折返性心动过速、房室交互性心动过速和房性心动过速的特征。起病平缓和逐渐恢复发生于窦性心动过速、慢性心房纤颤和心房扑动、多灶性房性心动过速和房性期前收缩。

 

【医学单词记忆之道】

 

1.supra前缀在…之上

 

  suprarenal adj.肾上的

 

  supraclavicular adj.锁骨上的

 

  supraventricular adj.室上性的

 

2.常用医学词组

 

  atrial flutter 心房扑动

 

  atrial fibrillation 心房纤颤

 

  sinus tachycardia 窦性心动过速

 

  atrial tachycardia 房性心动过速

 

  atrial premature contraction 房性期前收缩

 

  supraventricular tachycardia 室上性心动过速

 

  atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia

 

  房室结折返性心动过速

 

  atrioventricular reciprocating tachycardia

 

  房室交互性心动过速

 

【医学英语延伸阅读】

 

  Patients with symptomatic tachycardias require immediate medical attention. The initial differential diagnosis of supraventricular tachycardias should focus on the ventricular response characteristics of regularity, rate, and rapidity of onset, not on the atrial depolarization from the ECG. By focusing on the ventricular response, one can assign the seven clinically relevant supraventricular tachycardias to diagnostic and therapeutic groups on the basis of the rapidity of onset, the heart rate, and the regularity of the tachycardia.


    2018/4/12 14:20:58     访问数:228
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