颈椎管狭窄伴脊髓病(Cervical spinal stenosis with myelopathy)

颈椎管狭窄可压迫脊髓,引起四肢感觉运动障碍、行走不稳、踩棉花感、胸部束带感等症状,一般称为脊髓型颈椎病。

  Cervical spinal stenosis with myleopathy is diagnosed when degenerative changes in the cervical spine cause spinal cord compression.

  当颈椎退行性改变引起脊髓受压,可诊断为颈椎管狭窄伴脊髓病。

  The spinal cord is a nerve bundle that runs from the base of the brain to the low back. In a normal spine, there is ample space for the spinal cord in the spinal canal.

  脊髓是自大脑底部到腰部的一束神经。在正常脊柱,椎管有充足的空间可以容纳脊髓。

  In cervical spinal stenosis, however, this space becomes too narrow.

  当颈椎椎管狭窄时,这个空间就变得过于狭小。

  Over time, degenerative changes in the spine can cause the spinal canal to narrow. Having a congenitally narrow spinal canal makes one susceptible to developing cervical spinal stenosis.

  时光流逝,脊柱退行性改变会引起椎管狭窄。如果天生椎管狭小,则更容易发展为颈椎管狭窄症。

  Degenerative changes can be caused by one or a combination of conditions, such as osteoarthritis or herniated discs.

  退行性改变可以是一种病变或多种病变联合在一起,比如骨关节炎或椎间盘突出。

  In cervical osteoarthritis, cartilage between the facet joints degenerates over time, resulting in friction between the bones.

  在颈椎骨关节炎,关节突关节之间的软骨随着时间而发生退行性改变,使骨头之间的出现摩擦。

  This friction can lead to the development of osteophytes, or bone spurs, which can encroach upon the nerve roots as they exit the spinal canal through the foraminal opening, or they can encroach centrally on the spinal cord itself.

  这种摩擦会导致骨赘的产生,也就时平时说的骨刺,它们会对经过椎间开口离开椎管的神经根产生卡压,如果突向中央椎管会压迫脊髓。

  One or more herniated cervical discs may also contribute to spinal compression if they herniate into the spinal canal.

  如果一个或多个椎间盘突入椎管,也会造成脊髓的压迫。

  Herniated discs may further impinge on nerve roots that already have some foraminal compression from osteoarthritis.

  如果骨关节炎已经造成椎间孔处的神经根受压,椎间盘突出会更进一步挤压神经根。

  Spinal cord compression, or myelopathy, can affect how the spinal cord functions.

  脊髓受压引起脊髓病变,会影响脊髓的功能。

  The symptoms of cervical spinal cord compression can include a combination of numbness, tingling, weakness, or pain in the arms, hands, and legs.

  颈脊髓受压会出现包括胳膊、手或下肢的麻木、针刺感、无力或疼痛等一系列的症状。

  Symptoms can also include a loss of bladder or bowel control, or problems with balance or coordination, such as a shuffling gait or tripping easily when walking.

  症状还包括大小便功能障碍,平衡和协调能力的障碍,比如步态迟缓或行走时容易绊倒。

Cervical spinal stenosis with myleopathy can be permanently disabling if it is allowed to progress too far. It can be treated with a cervical decompression surgery.

  如果不及时治疗,颈椎管狭窄伴脊髓病会导致永久性的功能障碍。它可以通过颈椎减压手术进行治疗。


    2016/12/6 20:59:53     访问数:399
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